birding across the Wallace line




"This is just to thank you again for your outstanding leadership of the recent trip to Java, Bali, Komodo and Flores. 

It was a most enjoyable trip, and all the arrangements (including the short transfers in Singapore) worked perfectly.

I was most impressed by your trip report - an important scientific record of what we saw, and also much entertaining reading. One of the best trip reports I have ever read......Mr B, Cambs







click here for a pdf version of this destination write-up  -  easier to print  -  no photos




Working independently, Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace developed the theory of evolution. While Darwin’s theories began on Galapagos, Wallace’s activities centred on Indonesia, where he collected specimens for British museums. Wallace noticed that the distribution of creatures from Asia extended south as far as Java and Bali. Although many had evolved far enough to become different species, they remained firmly allied to Asian families.


Leaving Bali, Wallace crossed the Lombok Strait, a distance of just 35 miles, and noticed a dramatic change. The creatures east of this line, such as on Flores and Komodo, had Australian ancestry. Wallace found cockatoos and friarbirds, whilst the bulbuls and woodpeckers had been left behind in Java and Bali.


Like Galapagos, each of the islands we will visit has its own unique fauna and flora. Some, like the Javan White-eye or Javan Plover, differ very little from their close relatives. Others, like the Javan Kingfisher and Bali Starling, are striking in their differences. The Dragons of Komodo recall a time past. A time when giant lizards roamed the earth. These prehistoric leviathans are not out of place among the dramatic volcanic islets here.


Today, Wallace is a hero celebrated by naturalists who named many species after him. The endemic Wallace’s Hanging-parrot, Wallace’s Scops Owl and Wallacean Drongo are amongst the many species we hope to see. The first half of our tour is spent looking for endemic birds on Bali and Java. The most iconic of these is the Bali Starling, of which only a handful of wild birds survive. Then a short flight across the Wallace Line takes us to Flores, with its own charm, isolation and endemics. From here, we will visit Komodo and Rinca: both UNESCO sites where ‘there be dragons!’






Our flight from the UK takes us to Bali, a beautiful Pacific island topped with volcanic peaks and scattered with temples. As you would expect of this destination, the infrastructure is very good, with quality hotels and a network of good roads that allow us to explore the island.


From the airport we will drive to Bedugul, passing coastal lagoons which hold Small Blue Kingfisher and Javan Pond Heron, before arriving at Bali Handara Kosaido for our first night. Our hotel is nestled inside the crater of an extinct volcano. The following morning we will find mountain birds in abundance, many of which are endemic. Flame-fronted Barbet, Blood-breasted Flowerpecker, Javan Owlet, Indonesian Honeyeater, Yellow-throated Hanging Parrot and Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon all occur here.


In the afternoon, we will descend from the Central Highlands to reach the coast at Bali Barat National Park, our base for the next two nights. Here we have a full day birding in search of Javan Kingfisher, Javan Plover, Javan Banded Pitta and Green Junglefowl. Two members of the starling family here are critically endangered and this is the best place in the world to see them. On Bali, the Black-winged Starling is found only in this park. Despite being much rarer, the Bali Starling is easier to locate due to its colour. This snow-white bird has a blue face and long crest, but its beauty led to its demise. In 2006 only six wild birds were left! A concerted effort has increased the number to about 50, but it remains one of the rarest birds in the world.


On day five we will take a short ferry ride to East Java where we will spend two nights at Ketapang. Here we will be birding at Baluran National Park and Ijen Nature Reserve, two of the best places to find Javanese endemics. The forest holds Pink-headed Fruit Dove, Sunda Minivet, Black-banded Barbet, White-crowned Forktail, Sunda Bush-warbler, Sunda Warbler, Ruddy Cuckoo-dove, Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon, and Grey-cheeked Tit-babbler; all watched over by the Javan Hawk-eagle.



After a second morning of birding in Java, we cross back to Bali and head to Denpasar, ready for our flight to Flores. Arriving at Labuhan Bajo in Flores, part of the Lesser Sunda archipelago, we will check into our hotel for three nights and do a little local birding that afternoon. This region is well known for its volcanic activity; Krakatoa lies along the same chain of islands, a thousand miles to the west. The setting is wonderful, with palm-fringed beaches and golden sunsets over triangular peaks. However, this beauty hides terror, for the following day, we go in search of dragons.


Komodo and Rinca are two small volcanic islands where the Komodo Dragon has been isolated for millennia. Taking a boat trip to these islands is one of the world’s greatest wildlife experiences. As we meander through coastal waters that resemble a Lost World film set, we can watch Black-naped Terns and piratic Lesser Frigatebirds. Once ashore we can expect close views (not too close though) of the Komodo Dragon. Wardens ensure our safety, since the dragons sleep with one eye open.


Barred Doves are wary of Variable Goshawks, while White-bellied Sea-eagles soar above the cone-shaped peaks. Being remote, these islands still hold good populations of birds and animals that have suffered severe declines elsewhere. With ten percent of the world population of the critically endangered Yellow-crested Cockatoo on these two tiny islands, we must be alert to their calls. Orange-footed Scrubfowl forage at the feet of grazing Timor Deer. Slight regional differences to some of the common birds make the possibility of seeing an undescribed species here very real.


The next day we will birdwatch at the west end of Flores, which has a very different feel to Bali. Flores is less developed and certainly not as touristy. We will birdwatch along the Potowangka Road where we will look for endemics including Flores Minivet, Flores Leaf-warbler and Flores Green Pigeon, a species often difficult to see.


At this time of year, migration has just begun and raptors follow the island chain towards Australia. This is a major route for Chinese Sparrowhawk, Oriental Honey-buzzard and Black Baza. We should also be mindful that the recently described Flores Hawk-eagle could pass overhead at any time.


We will then head to Ruteng in the Flores interior, for two nights, birding along the way. The volcanic landscape is painted with terraces of rice paddies and woodland patches. Along the road, we have a chance of finding Wallace’s Hanging Parrots feeding in fruiting trees. The Wallacean Drongo and Wallace’s Scops Owl, birds that commemorate the great man’s name, also live here.


Birding in the forest at Puarlodo should produce the stunning Flores Monarch and perhaps, with patience, an Elegant Pitta. We will visit Danau Rana Mese where we will look for the splendid White-rumped Kingfisher. We should also find the Great-billed Parrot, Brown Quail and endemic Golden-rumped and Black-breasted Flowerpeckers.


Finally, we will return to Labuhan Bajo, for one night, in advance of our flight back to the UK.



It is likely to be hot and sunny throughout this itinerary, but with a small chance of rain. At higher elevations it should be a little cooler. Breakfast will be taken at about 6.30am most mornings to take advantage of the cooler morning period. Basic fitness is all that is required. Full days will be spent in the field and reasonable length walks will be undertaken regularly. There are some uneven paths and some uphill walks, all taken at a gentle pace.



Full-board accommodation is provided, with one night at the Bali Handara Kosaido Resort, Bali, two nights at the Adi Assri Resort, Bali, two nights at the Ketapang Indah, Java, one night at the Harris Tuban Hotel, Bali, three nights at the Jaya Karta Hotel, Labuhan Bajo, Flores, two nights at the Ruteng Seminary Mission, Flores, one night back at the Jaya Karta Hotel, Labuhan Bajo, Flores. All hotels are of a good standard. The Mission at Ruteng has rooms that are rather plain, but nevertheless clean and comfortable. All rooms are en suite. Lunch will normally be at restaurants, but occasionally we will take a packed lunch.



All birdwatching excursions with expert leader and local guide, full-board accommodation (starting with breakfast on 18th, ending with lunch on 29th), soft drinks at meal times, bottled water throughout, transport by minibus, boat trip, reserve entrance fees, ferry, domestic flights and international flights.



Travel insurance. Cost of obtaining a visa (approx. £20 and obtainable on arrival in Bali). Personal items, alcoholic drinks, laundry.



Flights from London Heathrow to Bali (via Singapore), using the scheduled services of Singapore Airlines. Outbound flight departs mid-evening, return arrives back mid-afternoon. There is a nine hour stop over in Singapore on the return journey, where it is possible to get a hotel room in the transit area (without clearing customs). It is also possible to fly from Manchester and other UK airports. Please phone for details.




14 nights including

two overnight flights:


Principal leader:


Local guide:



Maximum group size:


Cost with discount

(if you book before

2nd April 2016):


Full Cost:






16th to 30th July 2016


Phil Palmer


Hery Kusumanegara

and other wardens/rangers


10 clients with one leader

and local guides


£4680 per person sharing

(£250 single supplement)


£4830 per person sharing


£1000 per person


A ground only price is available. Please contact our office.






The itinerary has changed since our brochure was published. We now have one day less on Flores and one extra day on Java. This is to raise the standard of accommodation and food, while cutting down on travelling time spent in a bus. It may mean fewer species on Flores, but an increase in Javanese birds. At the same time, this should enable us to visit an active volcano. For further details of these changes, please contact our office.

It is now also possible to fly from regional airports with KLM




Bali Starling

Savannah Nightjar

A Barred Dove watches a Komodo Dragon

Sunda Scops Owls

Yellow-crested Cockatoo

one of the many statues in Bali





click here to see the photographs in our Bali, Java, Flores and Komodo Album


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